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Bitcoin Newcomers FAQ - Please read!

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
It all started with the release of the release of Satoshi Nakamoto's whitepaper however that will probably go over the head of most readers so we recommend the following videos for a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
Some other great resources include Lopp.net, the Princeton crypto series and James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series.
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found at the Satoshi Nakamoto Institute.
Some Bitcoin statistics can be found here and here. Developer resources can be found here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here.
Potential upcoming protocol improvements and scaling resources here and here.
The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here (LOL!)

Key properties of Bitcoin

Where can I buy bitcoins?

Bitcoin.org and BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin (even just a few dollars worth) and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy OTP Auth
Android Android N/A
iOS iOS iOS

Watch out for scams

As mentioned above, Bitcoin is decentralized, which by definition means there is no official website or Twitter handle or spokesperson or CEO. However, all money attracts thieves. This combination unfortunately results in scammers running official sounding names or pretending to be an authority on YouTube or social media. Many scammers throughout the years have claimed to be the inventor of Bitcoin. Websites like bitcoin(dot)com and the btc subreddit are active scams. Almost all altcoins (shitcoins) are marketed heavily with big promises but are really just designed to separate you from your bitcoin. So be careful: any resource, including all linked in this document, may in the future turn evil. Don't trust, verify. Also as they say in our community "Not your keys, not your coins".

Where can I spend bitcoins?

Check out spendabit or bitcoin directory for millions of merchant options. Also you can spend bitcoin anywhere visa is accepted with bitcoin debit cards such as the CashApp card. Some other useful site are listed below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Spendabit, Overstock and The Bitcoin Directory Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Coinsfer, and more Bill payment
Menufy, Takeaway and Thuisbezorgd NL Takeout delivered to your door
Expedia, Cheapair, Destinia, Abitsky, SkyTours, the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun Domain name registration
Stampnik Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Coinmap and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. If you would prefer to keep it simple there are several good options. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, Cryptogrind, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, BitforTip, Rein Project Freelancing
Lolli Earn bitcoin when you shop online!
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
/GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Adult services
A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins.

Bitcoin-Related Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network Second layer scaling
Blockstream, Rootstock and Drivechain Sidechains
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
JoinMarket and Wasabi Wallet CoinJoin implementation
Coinffeine and Bisq Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase Identity & Reputation management
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
bitcoin BTC 1 bitcoin one bitcoin is equal to 100 million satoshis
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin used as default unit in recent Electrum wallet releases
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin (μBTC)
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $10000 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit.
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BitcoinFan7 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Welcome to the Official Energi Cryptocurrency Reddit!

Welcome to the Official Energi Cryptocurrency Reddit!

https://preview.redd.it/mymfi39kf2c51.png?width=200&format=png&auto=webp&s=71c90d32c9bf87dbd393e85bbeedb753e202a5b0
Below you will find a Table of Contents that will cover all the fundamentals of the cryptocurrency.

Table of Contents

  1. What is Energi?
  2. What are the Fundamentals of Energi?
    1. Scalability
    2. Funding
    3. Governance
    4. Inflation
    5. Distribution
    6. Decentralization
    7. Long Term Vision
  3. Coin Specs
  4. How to Get Started
    1. Official Energi Website
    2. Social Media
    3. Exchanges
    4. Energi Block Explorers
    5. Wallet Downloads
    6. Proof-of-Stake Setup Guides
    7. Masternode Setup Guide
  5. FAQ

1. What is Energi

Energi is a self-funding (no ICO and no premine) cryptocurrency that has a purpose to become the world’s leading cryptocurrency with the unification of Smart Contracts, Governance and Self-funding Treasury to ensure longevity and enable rapid growth. You can read more about why we decided to self-fund and chose not to conduct an ICO here.
Energi provides a small allocation to Proof-of-Stake (PoS) rewards, takes a bulk of the coin issuance and gives it to its treasury and active Masternodes. Energi also allocates 10% on-going reward to the leadership of the Energi Backbone, which is significantly less compared to today’s ICOs’ rewarding their founders between 20–50% of the tokens distributed. Another trait that sets Energi apart from ICOs is they give an on-going 10% allocation through each block reward, rather than rewarding the founders up-front.

2. What are the Fundamentals of Energi?

  • Scalability
1 minute block times and a 2 megabyte block size limit provide Energi with a vast transaction capacity for regular on-chain transactions. This allows for plenty of space on the blockchain for extremely fast transactions with very low fees.
Energi features a powerful on-chain scaling solution with a system of incentivized full nodes called Energi Masternodes. A Masternode is a full node backed by 1,000 NRG collateral that provides level 2 scalability to the Energi Cryptocurrency. 40% of the emissions of Energi is allocated to Masternodes, providing an extremely strong incentive to grow the number of full nodes and scalability of the network.

  • Funding
A key feature of Energi is its powerful treasury system. Energi makes up to 40% of the emissions available to the treasury, to be utilized in a manner that provides maximum benefit.
Treasury allocation is decentralized, allowing for submitted proposals from anyone, to be voted on by Masternodes and paid out from the emissions.
Energi has a 14 day treasury cycle, allowing quick payments for proposal authors and contributors, as well as strategic responsiveness to effective proposals. Energi is guided by the principle that every dollar spent from its funding model should yield more than one dollar of value in return. Thanks to a 14 day treasury cycle, the Energi team is able to measure results and respond quickly to changes in strategy.

  • Governance
The Energi Treasury is a decentralized governance model designed with Masternodes as caretakers, with voting rights on how to best utilize treasury funding.
This governance model reduces risk by allowing participation from everyone who holds 1,000 NRG as a Masternode. In this way, the Energi community can work together on how to best build the strategic direction of Energi.

  • Inflation
Energi Cryptocurrency has a simple rate of inflation at 1 million coins per month with no maximum cap. This ensures consistency in funding allocation, Masternode rewards, and PoS rewards, making the economics of the cryptocurrency more understandable for everyone who chooses to participate in Energi.
No coin supply limit ensures that Energi is prepared for the long term, avoiding “bubble” economics caused by dramatic early inflation that in most coins only serves to benefit founders ahead of increased adoption.

  • Distribution
Energi conducted a fair launch on April 14, 2018 with no ICO and no premine. Prior to launch, the Energi team gave a specific time and date for the launch of its main net, which its vibrant community eagerly awaited, so that mining could begin fairly, again avoiding centralization among the coin founders (It's important to note that Energi has transitioned from Proof-of-Work consensus to a Proof-of-Stake consensus).
Energi Masternode payments were designed to begin at block 216000, which occurred on September 18, 2018, almost 160 days after launch. This ensured time to list Energi on exchanges, and to grow the community, encouraging fair and equitable distribution before the extremely powerful Masternode rewards began. It is all too common for Masternode coins to feature a premine, which has the effect of centralizing distribution among the founders and early adopters.
From 2018 to 2020, Energi distributed nearly 4 million coins to users who contributed to spreading awareness of the project with social media activities about Energi, such as tweets, follows, and subscriptions on all major social media platforms.

  • Decentralization
Decentralized governance with Masternodes helps to ensure everyone is able to participate in Energi and help guide the project to achieve the best results. The change to the requirement to run a Masternode, from 10 000 NRG to 1 000 NRG, has allowed more people to be involved and boosted decentralization for the whole project.

  • Long Term Vision
All of the above features seamlessly work together in concert, to ensure that Energi is prepared for the long term. Rather than try to closely find a niche in the market, Energi is prepared to adapt and overcome all challenges for many years to come. Energi’s use case is that of a traditional cryptocurrency, such as Bitcoin. However, Energi’s strategy is to excel by avoiding the pitfalls of previous projects, while further utilizing and improving upon the most powerful ideas in the cryptocurrency space.

3. Coin Specs

Ticker: NRG
Block time: 1 minute.
Hashing Algorithm: Dagger-Hashimoto (similar to Ethereum).
Masternode requirements: 1,000 Energi.
Treasury cycle: Every 14 days.
Approximately 1 million Energi will be released per month. The allocations can be observed easily as “10/10/40/40.”
10% will go to the Energi Backbone.
10% to the PoS participants
40% to Masternodes.
40% to the Treasury.
Thus, for every block, allocations are: 2.28 Energi to the Backbone, 2.28 Energi to the PoS participants, 9.14 Energi to the Treasury, and 9.14 Energi to Masternodes.
Since Treasury allocations are paid in two-week cycles, they are made in lump sums of approximately 184,000 Energi every 14 days.
In order to allow for widespread distribution of Energi before Masternode payments began, Masternode rewards were delayed until day 150. This was to allow the airdrop campaign to be completed and ensure a large amount of NRG is spread out through the community. Until that point, Masternode rewards were redirected to the Treasury. Thus for the first 5 months, the Treasury gained approximately 368,000 Energi every two weeks (about 800k Energi per month). The airdrop campaign was designed to release ~4 million Energi to the community.

4. How to Get Started

  • Energi Official Website
https://www.energi.world/

  • Social Media
Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4912743
Discord: https://discordapp.com/invite/sCtgNC3
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/energicrypto/
Github: https://github.com/energicryptocurrency
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/energi-core/
Medium: https://medium.com/energi
Publish 0x: https://www.publish0x.com/@energi
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/energicryptocurrency/
Steemit: https://steemit.com/@energi
Telegram: https://t.me/energicrypto
Telegram Announcement: https://t.me/energiannouncements
Twitter: https://twitter.com/Energicrypto
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCABQly0NNR2j_M_iDpy8mA/

  • Exchanges
DigiFinex: https://www.digifinex.com/trade/BTC/NRG
KuCoin - BTC: https://www.kucoin.com/trade/NRG-BTC
KuCoin - ETH: https://www.kucoin.com/trade/NRG-ETH
HitBTC - BTC: https://hitbtc.com/NRG-to-BTC
BitBNs - INR: https://bitbns.com/trade/#/nrg
Mercatox - BTC: https://mercatox.com/exchange/NRG/BTC
Mercatox - TUSD: https://mercatox.com/exchange/NRG/BTC
Bithumb - BTC: https://www.bithumb.pro/en-us/spot/trade?q=NRG-BTC
Bithumb - USDT: https://www.bithumb.pro/en-us/spot/trade?q=NRG-USDT
Citex - BTC: https://trade.citex.co.ktrade/NRG_BTC
Citex - USDT: https://trade.citex.co.ktrade/NRG_USDT
Beaxy - BTC: https://www.beaxy.com/trading-paiNRG-BTC
CoinAll - USDT: https://www.coinall.com/spot/full#product=nrg_usdt
WhiteBit - BTC: https://whitebit.com/trade/NRG_BTC
HitBTC - BTC: https://hitbtc.com/exchange/NRG-to-BTC

  • Energi Block Explorers
Gen 3 Explorer: https://explorer.energi.network/
Gen 3 Calculator: https://nexus.energi.network/reward-calculator
Gen 2 Explorer: https://explorer.gen2.energi.network/

  • Wallet Downloads
Gen 3 - MyEnergiWallet: https://docs.energi.software/en/downloads/myenergiwallet
Gen 3 - Core Node: https://docs.energi.software/en/downloads/core-node

  • Proof-of-Stake Setup Guides
https://docs.energi.software/en/staking-guide

  • Masternode Setup Guide
https://docs.energi.software/en/Masternode-guide

5. FAQs

Gen 3 Wiki: https://docs.energi.software/en/home
General: https://docs.energi.software/en/faq/general
Core Node Sync: https://docs.energi.software/en/core-node-troubleshoot
Keystore: https://docs.energi.software/en/faq/keystore
Masternode: https://docs.energi.software/en/faq/Masternode
Migration: https://docs.energi.software/en/faq/migration
Security: https://docs.energi.software/en/faq/security
Staking: https://docs.energi.software/en/faq/staking
submitted by energicrypto to energicryptocurrency [link] [comments]

[Daily Discussion] Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Thread topics include, but are not limited to:
Thread guidelines:
Other ways to interact:
submitted by AutoModerator to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

[Daily Discussion] Friday, August 18, 2017

Thread topics include, but are not limited to:
Thread guidelines:
Other ways to interact:
submitted by AutoModerator to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

Introduction to Cryptocurrencies: USDT, the most popular stable coin

Introduction to Cryptocurrencies: USDT, the most popular stable coin
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!
Many novices of cryptocurrencies may feel confused with the obscure difference between USDT and USD at first . Different as they are, there remain some relations. To some extent, the name USDT is like a biased belief implanted in the minds of novices.

https://preview.redd.it/nqp97earybt41.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=84e70cc382389d21e4647b98605f3eabee06936d
USDT (Tether USD), known as Tether, is a token based on the stable value currency US dollar (USD), launched by Tether. In other words, it serves as a currency to replace the US dollar in digital currency trading platforms. (With 1USDT = 1USD, users can exchange USDT for USD at a rate of 1: 1 at any time)
USDT is not a new token It was launched for trading in 2015, and the world-renowned digital asset trading service platform CoinEx supports USDT trading pairs. There are extensive concerns about how to exchange tokens into fiat currencies after the introduction of cryptocurrency trading. USDT has provided part of the solution, and thus has been highly praised by many investors.
In the white paper “Tether: Fiat currencies on the Bitcoin blockchain”, Tether defines USDT as a digital currency pegged to fiat currencies. All Tethers are are initially issued as tokens on the BTC blockchain through the Omni Layer protocol, at a pegged exchange rate of 1:1 against the USD. After launching USDT, Tether strictly adheres to the 1:1 reserve guarantee, which means that for every issued USDT token , its bank account will have 1 USD funding guarantee.
Many people are fond of USDT precisely because of its specific characteristics. In recent years, it remains one of the most popular stablecoins, with a market share of nearly 3 billion US dollars, leaving behind such stablecoins as USDC, Gemini Dollars and JPM Coin
USDT's creator, Tether, is one of the top five digital currency companies by cash flow. They earn 3-5% profit from the $2 billion offered by the users around the world, almost without any operating costs. (This is really cool)
USDT is issued and traded through the Omni (formerly known as Mastercoin) protocol, which is a 2.0 currency based on the Bitcoin blockchain. Transaction confirmation and other parameters of USDT are consistent with those of BTC. Users can transfer USD to the bank account provided by Tether through SWIFT, or get USDT through the exchange. Of course, they can also buy USDT with BTC in the exchange. In short, it is quick and easy!
Unlike other digital currencies, USDT boasts some great features:
1.Intuitive
USDT is equal to the US dollar, with 1 USDT = 1 US dollar. Each currency = how much USDT, which is equal to how many US dollars its unit price is.
2.Stable
As Tether is backed by fiat currencies, users can still trade on the blockchain asset market without being affected by the price fluctuations of most blockchain assets.
3.Transparent
Tether's issuing company, Tether, claims that its fiat currency storage account has regular audits to ensure that each USDT in circulation is backed up by one US dollar. The storage account status is public and can be queried at any time. In addition, all Tether transaction records will be published on the public chain.
4. Low transaction fees
There is no fee for transactions between Tether accounts or between wallets where Tether is stored. Conversion from USDT to a fiat currency requires the transaction fee.
Tether has been frank about the risks of USDT in the white paperAlthough Tether is a decentralized digital currency, Tether company is not that decentralized .. As a centralized depositor of all the assets, the company also faces possibilities of bankruptcy, freezing funds and fund running; what’s more, the re-centralization may also paralyze the entire system. To put it simple: coin speculation could be risky and investors need to be cautious. Such honest companies are hard to find.
Yet in March 2019, Tether changed its terms of service: the USDT's endorsement altered to 75% USD anchorage and 25% iFinex stock-collateral loans. . In April of the same year, Tether issued an additional 640 million USDT, also pushing itself to the forefront.
So what’s on your mind after reading this article? Why not make your voices heard by trading on CoinEx, or join the official CoinEx’s telegram group at https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG ?
About CoinEx
As a global and professional cryptocurrency exchange service provider, CoinEx was founded in December 2017 with Bitmain-led investment and has obtained a legal license in Estonia. It is a subsidiary brand of the ViaBTC Group, which owns the fifth largest BTC mining pool, which is also the largest of BCH mining, in the world.
CoinEx supports perpetual contract, spot, margin trading and other derivatives trading, and its service reaches global users in nearly 100 countries/regions with various languages available, such as Chinese, English, Korean and Russian.
Website: https://www.coinex.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/coinexcom
Telegram: https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG
submitted by CoinEx_Institution to Coinex [link] [comments]

EDUCATIONAL PIECE COMING FROM #CoinExInstitution :- Introduction to Cryptocurrencies: USDT, the most popular stable coin

EDUCATIONAL PIECE COMING FROM #CoinExInstitution :- Introduction to Cryptocurrencies: USDT, the most popular stable coin

https://preview.redd.it/f7gy1slqqct41.jpg?width=725&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a8ef4d04c45403ed7f2d7efeb118164d3c158239
Source: https://www.twitter.com/coinexcom/status/1251046090272657409
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!
Many novices of cryptocurrencies may feel confused with the obscure difference between USDT and USD at first . Different as they are, there remain some relations. To some extent, the name USDT is like a biased belief implanted in the minds of novices.
USDT (Tether USD), known as Tether, is a token based on the stable value currency US dollar (USD), launched by Tether. In other words, it serves as a currency to replace the US dollar in digital currency trading platforms. (With 1USDT = 1USD, users can exchange USDT for USD at a rate of 1: 1 at any time)
USDT is not a new token It was launched for trading in 2015 and the world-renowned digital asset trading service platform CoinEx supports USDT trading pairs. There are extensive concerns about how to exchange tokens into fiat currencies after the introduction of cryptocurrency trading. USDT has provided part of the solution, and thus has been highly praised by many investors.
In the white paper “Tether: Fiat currencies on the Bitcoin blockchain”, Tether defines USDT as a digital currency pegged to fiat currencies. All Tethers are are initially issued as tokens on the BTC blockchain through the Omni Layer protocol, at a pegged exchange rate of 1:1 against the USD. After launching USDT, Tether strictly adheres to the 1:1 reserve guarantee, which means that for every issued USDT token , its bank account will have 1 USD funding guarantee.
Many people are fond of USDT precisely because of its specific characteristics. In recent years, it remains one of the most popular stablecoins, with a market share of nearly 3 billion US dollars, leaving behind such stablecoins as USDC, Gemini Dollars and JPM Coin
USDT’s creator, Tether, is one of the top five digital currency companies by cash flow. They earn 3–5% profit from the $2 billion offered by the users around the world, almost without any operating costs. (This is really cool)
USDT is issued and traded through the Omni (formerly known as Mastercoin) protocol, which is a 2.0 currency based on the Bitcoin blockchain. Transaction confirmation and other parameters of USDT are consistent with those of BTC. Users can transfer USD to the bank account provided by Tether through SWIFT, or get USDT through the exchange. Of course, they can also buy USDT with BTC in the exchange. In short, it is quick and easy!
Unlike other digital currencies, USDT boasts some great features:
1.Intuitive
USDT is equal to the US dollar, with 1 USDT = 1 US dollar. Each currency = how much USDT, which is equal to how many US dollars its unit price is.
2.Stable
As Tether is backed by fiat currencies, users can still trade on the blockchain asset market without being affected by the price fluctuations of most blockchain assets.
3.Transparent
Tether’s issuing company, Tether, claims that its fiat currency storage account has regular audits to ensure that each USDT in circulation is backed up by one US dollar. The storage account status is public and can be queried at any time. In addition, all Tether transaction records will be published on the public chain.
  1. Low transaction fees
There is no fee for transactions between Tether accounts or between wallets where Tether is stored. Conversion from USDT to a fiat currency requires the transaction fee.
Tether has been frank about the risks of USDT in the white paperAlthough Tether is a decentralized digital currency, Tether company is not that decentralized .. As a centralized depositor of all the assets, the company also faces possibilities of bankruptcy, freezing funds and fund running; what’s more, the re-centralization may also paralyze the entire system. To put it simple: coin speculation could be risky and investors need to be cautious. Such honest companies are hard to find.
Yet in March 2019, Tether changed its terms of service: the USDT’s endorsement altered to 75% USD anchorage and 25% iFinex stock-collateral loans. . In April of the same year, Tether issued an additional 640 million USDT, also pushing itself to the forefront.
So what’s on your mind after reading this article? Why not make your voices heard by trading on CoinEx, or join the official CoinEx’s telegram group at https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG ?
About CoinEx
As a global and professional cryptocurrency exchange service provider, CoinEx was founded in December 2017 with Bitmain-led investment and has obtained a legal license in Estonia. It is a subsidiary brand of the ViaBTC Group, which owns the fifth largest BTC mining pool, which is also the largest of BCH mining, in the world.
CoinEx supports perpetual contract, spot, margin trading and other derivatives trading, and its service reaches global users in nearly 100 countries/regions with various languages available, such as Chinese, English, Korean and Russian.
Website: https://www.coinex.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/coinexcom
Telegram: https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG
submitted by dammy1988 to ICOAnalysis [link] [comments]

B(TC)itcoin is slow || My small and humble contribution

https://panzadura.github.io/B(TC)itcoin-is-slow/itcoin-is-slow/)

This is my small and (very) humble contribution: *English is not my first language so I apologize for spelling mistakes and inaccuracies.

B(TC)itcoin is slow

Bitcoin is slow because the block size was left at 1MB - 2MB with Witness Data on the SEGWIT network - after throwing the entire "team" developer of GitHub and being occupied by developers of what is now known as Blockstream.
This size has been maintained and keeps referring to two issues: Mining in China and the decentralization of the nodes or transaction validators that you point out in the article.

Mining in China occupies a good part of the pie that miners distribute - in turn these are the ones that confirm the transactions and undermine the blocks - since 2011 and these Chinese farms are behind something that in the West call "The Great Firewall "that prevents a stable connection and slows down the propagation of the block, its mining and confirmation of the transaction over 3 minutes [1] [2] causing a large part of the mining coming from China and therefore the power of 'Hash' decreased drastically affecting the security of Bitcoin; The less Hash the greater the possibility of being attacked by the Bitcoin network through a 51% attack that could cause double spending - although this gives rise to many debates since the 51% attack on an already "mature" network like Bitcoin requires a Considerable expenditure on mining equipment to control 51% of the mining power and receiving the block reward and the commissions for confirmed transfer on each block would make it less likely that said miner or mining group would like to make a double expense upon receiving sufficient economic compensation. So only a malicious agent with the intentions of destroying the network and assuming the total losses on the investment of equipment would be willing to carry out such operation. Possibilities exist but these are reduced by being the miner compensated for their activity.

In the same references to Chinese mining farms but in another more economical field; Bitcoin has 21 million that are obtained through mining and commissions on transfers. These 21 million are achieved over time and from there it becomes a deflationary element as there is no possibility of printing more coins. The question of the Bitcoin block costly and the influence of Chinese mining goes through the Bitcoin subsidy or, currently called as, block reward: When a miner puts a block in the chain he receives the Bitcoin reward that is "inside" "of that block and which is currently encrypted in 12.5. Every 210000 blocks the reward is reduced by half so in less than a year (312 days from today [3]) it will be reduced to 6.25 so the miners will see their subsidy fall in half unless Bitcoin's price per coin increases considerably or the mining farms begin to close or reduce mining equipment thus decreasing the power of the network's Hash. If Bitcoin reduces by half every 210000 blocks the subsidy per block to miners will come a time when they can only live and maintain their equipment for transaction fees and in a Bitcoin network with 7 transactions per second and a commission that tends to Increase the higher the number of movements in it makes it unfeasible for miners to continue in said 1MB network and above all that people want to use this payment method that is expensive and slow - more even than gold paper - Because remember that Bitcoin born as Peer 2 peer cash, not gold-.
Therefore, if in time the subsidy or reward is going to be 0 or unable to cover the mining equipment expense, it is necessary to find a solution if the developers do not want to touch the block size. And this goes through three issues already raised in BIPs and about the community: RPF (Replace By Fee), Lightning Network and Increase in the number of Bitcoin since the demand for Bitcoin does not rise because it offers a quality service but for security and above all for the manipulation of Tether (USDT) and the large exchange houses:

- The RBF consists in the substitution of a transaction without confirmations for another that would replace it with a higher commission eliminating the previous one of the mempool - the limbo of the transactions to be confirmed in Bitcoin -. Although this system seems effective, it does not eliminate the long-term problem of continuing to maintain the reduced block, but rather removes the problem of financing miners, but does not eliminate it and, above all, kills the operation of Bitcoin transactions by not eliminating the increase in commissions that would distance the user from its use. In addition to more easily allowing double spending [4] [5].

- Lightning Network is a side-chain or second layer, that is, a software development not implemented in the Bitcoin network itself and therefore is not an element of the block chain so this should already be repudiated since being a External and non-auditable element such as Bitcoin gives rise to "blanks" and therefore lack of existence and possibility of auditing accounts [6] and even the loss of money or cancellation of the transaction [7] [8]. It also faces the problem of routing since in a network in constant change with the openings and closures of payment channels it is unfeasible to establish a total and rapid diffusion to the nodes of LN - other than those of Bitcoin - so it comes into play Another new element of this network is the watchtowers in charge of ensuring compliance in open channels and over the entire LN network of payments. Obviously it requires an additional cost to hire this service and it is not yet implemented [9] and taking into account the pace at which Lightning Network is developed, it is doubtful that it will become available [10]. In short, to use properly - which is not successful - LN you need a node valued at $ 300 [11], a watchtower, have a channel open 24/7 and with sufficient funds to carry out transactions [12] [13] [14] .

- The increase in the Bitcoin offer was raised fleetingly by developer Peter Todd [15] [16] and will become an open debate in a few years when the mining block reward is low and the price of Bitcoin cannot be sustained only with uncontrolled printing of Tether and the manipulation on the price of the currency [17] [18] next to the collusion of the exchange houses headed by BitFinex [19] and personalities of the world 'crypto' [20] - if he survives long enough to see that moment since they are already behind Bitfinex for money laundering [21]. When that moment arrives I am sure that a BIP - Bitcoin Improvement Proposal - will be launched by Blockstream or directly notified of the measure destroying the essence of Bitcoin and the TRUE DECENTRALIZATION: THE PROTOCOL.

This brings us to the second reason for the slowness of Bitcoin. The correct and true decentralization goes through the code and the team of developers and maintainers, not any other. The protocol must be engraved in stone [22] and that the action of the miners distribute and decentralize the network and they maintain the nodes and the transactions in a completely capitalist economic relationship. Investing in machines and communication improves access, speed and spread of transactions and blocks and makes miners true competitors as well as facilitating the transmission of money and all kinds of transactions [22].
The decentralization of the nodes was the other great reason to prevent the increase of the block and therefore the speed in the transaction. It is based on a false premise to base the decentralization of Bitcoin - which is nowhere on the whitepaper - on the raspberry nodes. The dispersion of the transaction and all the stages of the transaction and the blocks depend on the miner and his team, as well as the search for excellence in communications to avoid orphan blocks - which are stipulated in the Nakamoto consensus and are part of Bitcoin and not they throw no problem in the transactions only in the resolution of the reward of the block that affects the miners and should seek greater efficiency - and reorganizations. The audit on the Bitcoin network can be perfectly performed without there being a Bitcoin node in each house, in fact it would cause the same routing problems that occur / will occur in the LN network.
Decentralization should not go through nodes but through developers and to a lesser extent by miners. If a protocol is continually being altered by developers they have the power of the network and it must be in constant struggle by the miners through the commission on transactions.

Due to these two factors, the BIP0101 proposed by the developers that Satoshi left in charge [23] and that originated the creation of Bitcoin Unlimited was rejected, later it was attacked due to its recent creation through DDoS attacks in a statement of intentions of the network Blockstream bitcoin [24] [25] remaining as a residual element.

These two reasons are the cause of the drowning suffered by the Bitcoin network - including many other elements that were eliminated and that corresponded to the initial code completely changing the nature and destiny of Bitcoin that are not relevant and I will not enumerate -, Any other reason is propaganda by those who want to keep Bitcoin drowned in order to enrich themselves with mining sub-subsidies and second-layer software like LN. Bitcoin has a structure similar to gold and can collect certain attributes of it but its destination in efficient and fast transmission as effective - among other transactions.

Bitcoin was designed to professionalize miners and create a new industry around them, so mining centers will become datacenters [26] and they will replicate all transaction logs and even this professionalization will eventually lead to specialization in other types of transactions born new industries around you that will support the nodes according to specialization - Data, asset transfers, money, property rights, etc ... -

Bitcoin scales to infinity if they leave the protocol FREE enough to do so.

P.D: Core, since the departure of Hearn and Andersen, they know perfectly well what they are doing: The worst breed from the Cyberpunk movement has been combined with the worst breed of the current synarchy; The ends always touch.

[1] https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/3ygo96/blocksize_consensus_census/cye0bmt/
[2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivgxcEOyWNs&feature=youtu.be&t=2h36m20s
[3] https://www.bitcoinblockhalf.com/
[4] https://petertodd.org/2016/are-wallets-ready-for-rbf
[5] https://www.ccn.com/bitcoin-atm-double-spenders-police-need-help-identifying-four-criminals/
[6] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4905430.0
[7]https://www.trustnodes.com/2018/03/26/lightning-network-user-loses-funds || https://www.trustnodes.com/2019/03/13/lightning-network-has-many-routing-problems-says-lead-dev-at-lightning-labs
[8] https://diar.co/volume-2-issue-25/
[9] https://blockonomi.com/watchtowers-bitcoin-lightning-network/
[10] https://twitter.com/starkness/status/676599570898419712
[11] https://store.casa/lightning-node/
[12] https://bitcoin.stackexchange.com/questions/81906/to-create-a-channel-on-the-lightning-network-do-you-have-to-execute-an-actual-t
[13] https://blog.muun.com/the-inbound-capacity-problem-in-the-lightning-network/
[14] https://medium.com/@octskyward/the-capacity-cliff-586d1bf7715e
[15] https://dashnews.org/peter-todd-argues-for-bitcoin-inflation-to-support-security/
[16] https://twitter.com/peterktodd/status/1092260891788103680
[17] https://medium.com/datadriveninvestotether-usd-is-used-to-manipulate-bitcoin-prices-94714e65ee31
[18] https://twitter.com/CryptoJetHammestatus/1149131155469455364
[19] https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/crypto-collusion-the-web-of-secrets-at-the-core-of-the-crypto-market
[20] https://archive.is/lk1lH
[21] https://iapps.courts.state.ny.us/nyscef/ViewDocument?docIndex=8W00ssb7x5ZOaj8HKFdbfQ==
[22] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=195.msg1611#msg1611
[23] https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/mastebip-0101.mediawiki
[24] https://www.reddit.com/bitcoinxt/comments/3yewit/psa_if_youre_running_an_xt_node_in_stealth_mode/
[25] https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/3yebzi/coinbase_down/
[26]https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=532.msg6306#msg6306"
submitted by Knockout_SS to bitcoincashSV [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
Some great introductions for new users are My first bitcoin, Bitcoin explained and ELI5 Bitcoin. Also, the following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
Also have to give mention to Lopp.net, the Princeton crypto series and James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found at the Satoshi Nakamoto Institute. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here, here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. Potential upcoming protocol improvements here. Scaling resources here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here (LOL!), and of course Satoshi Nakamoto's whitepaper that started it all! :)
Key properties of bitcoin

Where can I buy bitcoins?

Bitcoin.org, BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Gemini Bitstamp LocalBitcoins
Bitstamp Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
BitFinex Cex.io LibertyX
Cex.io CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo Spectrocoin BitcoinOTC
Kraken Luno BitQuick
itBit
HitBTC
Bitit
Bisq (decentralized)
Luno
Spectrocoin
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Samouari BreadWallet Electrum
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

Check out spendabit or bitcoin directory for some good options, some of the more commons ones are listed below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, Overstock, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Streamium.io, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream, Rootstock and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bisq Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $10000 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The Biggest Scams In The Crypto History: Part 2

Here’s the sequel of our previous article. You wanted — you got it. Let’s roll!
OneCoin
OneCoin is a good example of a Ponzi scheme. In 2015, the Indian company One Coin Limited began to issue digital currency without a blockchain and decentralization. The old-school MLM (Multi-Level Marketing) strategy was used for the distribution of coins.
The company was selling a wide range of training packages on crypto trading, mining and successful life. There were textbooks, presentations, and other rubbish, among which were OneCoin tokens. They were supposed to allow users to get even more tokens. But the thing was that only One Coin Limited had exclusive rights to issue of coinage. So there were no other options for mining this coin.
On the international conference the founder of OneCoin, Ruja Ignatova, presents these tokens as the Bitcoin killer. See how easy it is to fool users?
Over the years, the company has spread its network globally. And only in 2017, the project gets into a number of investigations and restrictions. Owners and employees of the company more and more often could not answer questions from investors and carried on with the nonsense about “a bright crypto-future.”
Finally, regulators and banks in Italy, Germany, Hungary, Belize, Thailand and other countries have banned the trade of OneCoin and warned users not to get engaged with this company.
In early March 2019, the current OneCoin cryptocurrency leader Konstantin Ignatov, brother of Ruja Ignatova, was arrested at Los Angeles airport. He is accused of fraud and creating a financial pyramid.
According to the United States Attorney’s Office, Ignatov and his sister misled investors all over the world, and as a result, the people invested billions of dollars in a fraud scheme. They are accused of building a billion-dollar cryptocurrency company, based entirely on deception.
FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge William Sweeney, Jr. said:
“OneCoin was a cryptocurrency existing only in the minds of its creators and their co-conspirators. Unlike authentic cryptocurrencies, which maintain records of their investors’ transaction history, OneCoin had no real value. It offered investors no method of tracing their money, and it could not be used to purchase anything. In fact, the only ones who stood to benefit from its existence were its founders and co-conspirators.”
Despite all hardships, One Coin Limited continues to work. If you check out their website you will find everything there: a meaningless text about the benefits of a “revolutionary” token and other signs of a high-quality international project that deceives people.
QuadrigaCX
It’s not possible to take your savings to the grave, right? More than 100,000 clients of QuadrigaCX are ready to argue with that. So let’s try to recount the details of this strange story.
QuadrigaCX was created in 2013 and was Canada’s largest cryptocurrency exchange.
In December 2018, Gerald Cotten (founder and CEO of the QuadrigaCX) and his wife — Jennifer Robertson, were in India on their honeymoon. During this trip Cotten suddenly passed away from Crohn’s disease. After his death, it turned out that Gerald was the only one who had access to cold wallets of the exchange platform.
Changpeng Zhao (Binance CEO) comments this situation on Twitter:
“That’s sad. There are many solutions to split private keys or signing to achieve 3/5, 5/7 etc. Never neglect security. Also, never have CEO carry private keys. Bad on many levels.”
On January 25, 2019 (that is, almost two months after Cotten’s death) a special meeting was convened to appoint QuadrigaCX’s new directors. As a result, the inconsolable widow Jennifer Robertson, her stepfather Thomas Beazley and Jack Martel were elected to take charge of a company. By the way, this meeting was held by a conference call as the widow was very busy by hastily selling the property of her deceased husband. Indeed, there was something to deal with: a yacht, a plane, and several houses. Also, dearly departed managed to take care of his Chihuahuas by opening a special trust account for them in the amount of $100,000 (which is interesting, as Cotten did not show such forethought about the clients of his company).
It’s worth to mention that the clients of QuadrigaCX had problems with the exchange for a long time — mainly related to the withdrawal of funds. The first wake-up calls took place in March 2018, when press reports negatively about delays in the withdrawal of funds the total amount of which exceeded $100,000. But that’s all just moonshine compared to the fact that in June 2017 the exchange platform lost about 15 million Canadian dollars — as explained to the community, due to a bug in the smart contract. As a result, the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) froze about $22 million in QuadrigaCX accounts. This happened in November 2018, and for all users, it would have meant the end of a remarkable business but Mr. Cotten wasn’t explaining the problems to customers, wasn’t trying to solve them, and so on. He had just married and went on a honeymoon trip to pass away exactly two weeks after freezing the accounts.
As the inconsolable widow stated in her testimony:
“To the best of my knowledge, most of the businesses of these companies was being conducted by Gerry whenever and wherever he and his computer were located”.
In February 2019, the head of Coinbase — Brian Armstrong unveiled the results of an independent investigation into the QuadrigaCX. He reported on his Twitter account the following:
“Sequence of events suggests this was a mismanagement with later attempt to cover for it.” “This implies that at least few people inside Qadriga knew that they were running fractional. If so, then it’s possible that untimely death of their CEO was used as an outlet to let the company sink”.
Brian Armstrong stressed that QuadrigaCX users started complaining about problems with withdrawing money long before Gerald Cotten’s death. Thus, the company management decided to invent a story about private keys on the laptop of the CEO to hide the financial insolvency, one of the reasons for which could be inefficient management.
Nowadays, the Canadian cryptocurrency exchange QuadrigaCX is officially bankrupt. Users of the closed Quadriga are now leading legal battles in order to recover their funds. The total amount of which is about $190 million in crypto. The exact circumstances of the disappearance of user deposits remain uncertain.
Do you think the story with QuadrigaCX was Exit Scam or Mismanagement?
Bitfinex
One of the largest crypto scandals of the year broke out on April 30, 2019. The New York State Attorney General’s Office has filed serious accusations against the biggest exchange platform — Bitfinex. According to Leticia James, the exchange platform used the reserves of Tether, an affiliated company to cover up a loss of $850 million.
Questions to Tether have been in the air for a long time. In January 2018, the critics of the main stablecoin assumed that the company, in fact, produced more coins than it actually could sustain. Some critics accused the Bitfinex in fraud and manipulation of Tether’s rate and influenced through it on the price of Bitcoin.
So what’s up with the Bitfinex? Investigators of the prosecutor’s office claim that the lost money belonged to the clients and iFinex corporation. That is why, back in October 2018, Bitfinex started having problems with the withdrawal of the funds: the clients complained about long response time and a delay in receiving currency. According to the authorities, Bitfinex transferred $850 million to Crypto Capital Corp., the payment company. The Tether reserves were used to fill the gap, but this information was not disclosed to the public. According to the first data, Tether provided funding in the amount of at least $700 million for this purposes. Withdrawing this amount of currency severely shook faith in the idea that Tether tokens are indeed fully backed by dollars.
And then Bitfinex had extraordinary difficulties in satisfying the withdrawal demands from the platform since Crypto Capital refused to process withdrawals or simply could not return any funds. One of the senior Bitfinex executives opened a can of worms by writing the following:
“Please understand all this could be extremely dangerous for everybody, the entire crypto community. BTC could tank to below 1k if we don’t act quickly.”
Soon after it was known about the serious accusations against companies, Bitfinex’s users began to panic. They started buying Bitcoin and trying to get rid of their assets in USDT. As a result, BTC was trading $350+ (6.75%) more expensive than the crypto market average.
Tether and Bitfinex published a joint statement on their official blogs in response to the allegations of missing funds. The posts allege that the companies did not receive any preliminary warnings, as well as that lawsuits from the New York Prosecutor General’s Office were “riddled with false assertions”.
According to the latest information, Bitfinex is supposed to release its own token and attract $1 billion in Tether through IEO.
What do you think about these scandals and scams? Tell us your thoughts in the comments below.
Like and share this article if you find it useful. Want more interesting articles on the crypto world? Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get Stealthex.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by Stealthex_io to BitcoinCA [link] [comments]

Ex-Intel Chief Says Venezuela Secretly Mines Crypto + 11 More News

Ex-Intel Chief Says Venezuela Secretly Mines Crypto + 11 More News
Crypto Briefs is your daily bite-sized digest of cryptocurrency and blockchain-related news – keeping you up-to-date with under the radar crypto news from around the world.
https://preview.redd.it/uzfm6yelf3x31.jpg?width=767&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=830d11dfd2b31eaa17ea3ce7d1e0e2ab800353bb

Mining news

  • The former head of Venezuela’s Bolivarian National Intelligence Service has alleged that Venezuela is secretly mining cryptocurrency on a massive scale – to the extent that citizens are now experiencing frequent blackouts and power shortages. Per a report from media outlet Konzapata, Simón Zerpa, the former head of the intelligence agency, known locally as Sebin, the country has imported a number of USD 5,000 rigs from China under the guise of creating infrastructure for its own Petro token. In another article from the same media outlet, Zerpa also claims the crypto exchanges that accept Petro trading in Venezuela are all directly controlled by prominent figures within the government.

Trading news

  • Binance has announced that it has opened Nigerian fiat naira-to-crypto trading. Per an official announcement, the company stated that it was now offering naira pairings with Bitcoin, as well as its own new American dollar-pegged BUSD stablecoin and the Binance Coin (BNB). Meanwhile, in the United States, Binance US has also announced that it has begun listing the Dogecoin cryptocurrency.
  • Cryptocurrency exchange Bittrex says that the New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) has requested that Bittrex postpone the New York account closure deadline until further notice. Therefore, New York residents will be able to continue to withdraw funds, but may not deposit or trade on this platform. All trading for New York customers was halted in April 2019 and all account access was disabled in June by direction of the NYFDS.

Legal news

  • An American man is attempting to sue carrier AT&T, reports ABC. The man claims that AT&T staff allowed a hacker to access his mobile phone number, leading to the theft of over USD 1.8 million worth of cryptocurrencies from accounts at a number of cryptocurrency exchanges. The man says he was the victim of a SIM swap sting which has deprived him of his “entire life savings.”
  • Police in Poland arrested president of Crypto Capital, aka Global Trade Solutions AG, Ivan Manuel Molina Lee, on accusations of money laundering as a member of the international drug cartel. According to W Polityce, he is wanted in Poland for laundering up to 1.5 billion zloty (c. USD 390 million) and laundering money for Columbian drug cartels through a cryptocurrency exchange. Meanwhile, Crypto Capital is accused by Bitfinex of losing USD 880 million of fund the exchange entrusted it with. As reported this week, the parent company of Bitfinex, iFinex Inc., has filed an application for discovery in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of Southern California on October 18, 2019. iFinex claims that the discovery concerns its attempts to recover the aforementioned USD 880 million which the company allegedly wasn't able to access from December 2018 at least.

Regulation news

  • The Deputy Chair of Russia’s upper house Constitutional Legislation Committee says there is an “urgent need” for the country to introduce blockchain- and cryptocurrency-related legislation. Per the country’s Parliamentary Gazette, the committee’s Lyudmila Bokova says the government’s regulatory framework cannot keep up with the pace of innovation.

Adoption news

  • Russia’s Central Bank says it is considering using blockchain technology to power a system of cross-border remissions that it wants to have active by 2023, per RBC. The bank wants to speed up its digitization process, but its governor and deputy governors remain bitterly opposed to cryptocurrency usage – favoring a total, China-style crackdown.
  • Japan’s Softbank, IBM Japan and TBCASoft (of the USA) have all joined forces to create a blockchain solution for mobile carriers using inter-carrier blockchain technology. Per Fisco, via Gentoshoa, the parties want to work on a new solution that would allow Japanese phone owners to use their mobile-based payment applications at stores overseas, and enable inter-carrier transactions.
  • Though adoption is far from widespread, a rising number of Americans own crypto, according to a survey of 2,068 participants commissioned by Finder, an independent comparison platform and information service. In the last year, the survey says, the number of respondents who own a cryptocurrency has almost doubled from 7.95% in 2018 to 14.4% in 2019, which is an increase of 81% in one year. The average total in crypto that each is holding is USD 5,447, while the median amount of crypto in American digital wallets is just USD 360, claims the survey.
  • ConsenSys Space, a subsidiary of blockchain company ConsenSys, has announced the launch of a new satellite tracker based on Ethereum’s network - a project called TruSat. According to their tweet, it is "a citizen-powered, open source system for creating a globally-accessible, trusted record of satellite orbital positions." The website further explains that TruSat is primarily designed to enable the assessment of satellite operations in the context of space sustainability standards, and that the software merges observations of a satellite from around the world into a transparent record of its location.

Investment News

  • Bitcoin startup Coinplug raised KRW 7.5 billion (USD 6.4 million) in a Series B-2 round funding. According to the announcement, the investors taking part in this round were South Korea's influential venture capital firms Mirae Asset Venture Investment, Smilegate Investment and KB Investment. With this investment the company says its total funding to date is over USD 12 million.
  • SIBEX AG, developer of the peer-to-peer protocol, raised CHF 1.78 million (USD 1.79 million) in its seed funding round, with Fenbushi Capital, SIX, Accomplice and others taking part as investors, according to the press release.
submitted by CryptoHamstereu to u/CryptoHamstereu [link] [comments]

Ravencoin will be featured in my first official newsletter. Anything I should add?

I run a short weekly newsletter recommending lower cap coins for people to take a look at.
(If you're interested you can check out The Weekly Coin here, but honestly no pressure!)
Tl;dr: I've been in this space for over half a decade as a investor and dApp developer. I've amassed email addresses of people looking for recommendations on good low cap coins to take a look at. It started out with my brother then my Dad and grew from there. Instead of BCCing everyone I've now created an official newsletter and Ravencoin will be my first official recommendation.
As this is my first official newsletter (I'm a bit nervous 😬) I wanted to make sure I consulted with Ravencoin to make sure I touch on the most important points.
Here is the newsletter:

It's no surprise that Ravencoin is the first cryptocurrency I'd pick, it's a coin that many people have been raving about. I'll see myself out.
"Ravencoin (RVN) is an open source, fairly mined proof of work (POW) project focused on enabling users to issue assets and securities on a secure and decentralized blockchain. Cypher punk philosophy. No ICO. No pre-mine. No masternodes." — Ravencoin
Ravencoin is decentralized meaning there is no owner or CEO, their Github is very active and the core team is funded by Medici Ventures which is a subsidiary of Overstock.com. Ravencoin is a cryptocurrency that does one thing and does it well.
Overview
- CoinMarketCap Rank: 44
- Current Price: $0.026592
- Market Cap: $149,809,826
- Max Supply: 21,000,000,000 RVN
- Where to buy RVN: DigiFinex, Binance, Upbit, CoinEx
Development Frequency: Very Active averaging 1000 commits a year. Currently 5 issues are open and 586 issues are closed.
If Bitcoin is for money Ravencoin is for tokenizing assets. Many coins tout getting it right but it seems as though Ravencoin has gotten it right. I'll be watching Ravencoin and I'm very interested in what they bring to the table.

Anything I should add or subtract? Let me know what you guys think!
submitted by Raleigh_CA to Ravencoin [link] [comments]

Why Taking Profit in USD-backed Stablecoins Can Be Dangerous

For the whole year of 2018, the crypto market kept moving on the same downwards direction. Every time a new low was reached, people thought it to be the last one because crypto seemingly couldn’t fall any further – and yet it did, every time. Almost all the “dumb money” eventually accepted their losses and left the market.
And just like it always happens, at that very moment when there was nobody left willing to sell, the trend finally turned bullish. The new spurt of growth was generated by the smart money, and as the trend unfolded, more and more of that smart money entered the market. After Bitcoin easily passed the $10,000 mark, dumb money started returning – meaning the same people who sold their BTC last year for a price situated between $3,000 and $10,000.
As people are buying BTC for $10-11k, there must be a counterparty behind each deal who is ready to sell bitcoin at this price. This way, the smart money is taking profit – and by the standards of the traditional asset market, this profit is huge and very quick.
The question is, where does all this money go? Part of the profit is withdrawn as fiat, whereas the other part is exchanged for stablecoins (often BTC is sold for stablecoins directly), the most popular being USDT (Tether).
Why do investors do this? Withdrawing profits in USDT is usually subject to lower fees than fiat withdrawals. Moreover, investors understand that this way, they simply store their money in stablecoins waiting for a better market entry point in the future – for instance, during a Bitcoin correction, or once a solid buy signal for another coin is generated by a technical analysis pattern, or when some fundamental market conditions change. Clearly, it makes no sense to withdraw money in fiat just to deposit it in fiat again later and pay a double commission.
Caution: locking in gains in USDT has its hazards
First of all, if you store your profits in USDT, they will just lie there idly, slowly eaten up by inflation.
There is a more serious issue, though. For all these years that USDT has been on the market, we were convinced that it was 100% backed by US dollars. Skeptics kept telling us that it wasn’t - and turned out to be right, as we’ll soon see. But at the same time, Tether kept proving the opposite, even demonstrating with their bank account statement, storing the necessary amount in USD - what’s more, the banks confirmed that information.
However, all that time a storm was brewing – and when it finally broke out in April 2019, it wasn’t Zeus launching the thunderbolts at Tether, but rather the New York Attorney General. An old story surfaced, having to do with behind-the-scenes relations between Tether Limited, which issues USDT, and Bitfinex, one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges.
The Attorney General’s office accused Bitfinex of having hidden the fact of losing circa $900 million in assets – its own and its clients’. How did the exchange manage to do that? Apparently, they found an easy and elegant solution involving a line of credit from Tether. According to the investigation, Tether loaned over $700 million to Bitfinex; and neither the clients of the exchange, nor those of Tether were informed about this key decision.
This means that for quite a while, USDT was backed by USD only by 70-80%, while the rest was secured only via DigFinex shares issued to Tether by Bitfinex.
This example shows that one cannot fully trust stablecoins backed by a fiat currency. Such situations cannot be prevented by any audit, since company owners can transfer money from one bank account into another at any given moment.
The market abhors a vacuum and looks for a solution
Stablecoins backed by physical assets can present a solution – for instance, GOLD, issued by the company DIGITAL GOLD. It differs from USDT in two important ways:
  1. GOLD is not pegged to any fiat currency or a portfolio of currencies (as proposed by Facebook’s recently-announced Libra) – rather, as you can guess from the name, it is pegged to gold.
The crucial advantage here is that the token is not backed by some exchange-traded gold futures contract or shares of gold-mining companies, but by actual physical gold. DIGITAL GOLD first purchases the precious metal on the open market, then transfers it into the vault belonging to BullionStar – a leading provider of asset storage solutions based in Singapore.
The terms of the contract precludes taking the gold out of the BullionStar vault (so that it cannot be transferred to anyone else as Tether did with Bitfinex). The gold can only be sold in the open market again if the supply of GOLD tokens that DIGITAL GOLD buys back (acting as the market maker) significantly exceeds the demand. In this case, part of the gold will be sold, and a proportional part of the tokens will be taken out of circulation.
The presence of physical gold in the BullionStar vaults is confirmed by both internal and independent external audits. Investors can rest assured that at any moment, 100% of the GOLD tokens are backed by real gold.
  1. Unlike USDT, GOLD tokens will grow relative to USD and other fiat currencies as the price of gold itself grows. This is particularly relevant now, as the US Federal Reserve is relaxing its financial policy. As recently as 6 months ago, the Fed was planning to raise interest rates twice until the end of 2019. Three months ago, however, the Board announced that there will be no further raises this year. Now, rumors say that the rate will be actually lowered at least once.
The effect of the Fed’s decision: on Monday, June 24, the price of gold reached a new 6-year high. We can safely assume that the trend will continue, as a huge amount of unbacked fiat money across the globe is looking for a solution against inflation – and finds it in gold, which has always been the simplest and most reliable method of preserving value.
For these reasons, buying GOLD tokens as opposed to USDT is much more than a diversification tactic. In fact, it is the most logical solution, which allows you to not only sit there on your stablecoins waiting for a good entry point, but to make a profit together with the millions of companies and individuals who already invest in gold.
Website : https://gold.storage/
Whitepaper: https://gold.storage/wp.pdf
Follow us on social media:
Twitter: https://twitter.com/gold_erc20
Telegram: https://t.me/digitalgoldcoin
Steemit: https://steemit.com/@digitalgoldcoin
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/golderc20/
Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5161544
submitted by digitalgoldcoin to golderc20 [link] [comments]

November BTC Fork - The Facts

Update 2: THE NOVEMBER SEGWIT2X HARDFORK HAS NOW BEEN CANCELLED! :D
Update: Thank you for your appreciation on this article. I decided to publish it on Medium.  
You can find the article on this link.
 
Existing Article:
With less than a dozen days left before the SegWit2X fork, I thought I'd start gathering some facts before I start forming personal opinions and speculative conclusions. I refer to the SegWit1X chain as 1X and the SegWit2X chain as 2X for simplicity, and I have looked for very simple facts and safe assumptions. Here are the dots that I gathered:  
 
• Fork at Block 494,784. Approximate time = 16th of November - see Reference 6 for exact time.  
 
The New York Agreement: The NYA involved parties representing about 83% of the then hashing power who all agreed to both hardforks - one for SegWit and another for an increased block size of 2MB (2X) within 6 months of the former. Further details in reference 1.  
 
• It is safe to assume that miners will only mine the most profitable chain (possibly several chains in differing proportions).  
• If whales pump a single chain it will gain more value. If this happens, miners will be more inclined to mine that particular chain only. This will result in the other chain(s)potentially losing overall mining attractiveness.  
 
1X will continue to have a 1MB block and SegWit;  
2X will have a 2MB block and SegWit;  
Bitcoin Cash (Just for info right now) currently has an 8 MB block with NO SegWit;  
 
Current Price Status (Futures) on BitFinex: 2X/BTC = 0.17; 1X/BTC = 0.83  
 
Current Mining Status: 2X = Around 85% of blocks are signalling for 2X.  
It seems only a few mining pools including Slush Pool, F2Pool and Kano CKPool are not signalling Segwit2X. All Antpool (Jihan Wu) owned pools are signalling for Segwit2X and will likely continue to do so up to the fork. It is not clear if any other pools from the Segwit2X signalling group will change their minds in the meantime.  
 
Lower mining power chain: Likely to be 1X. Fees likely to be extremely high as not many miners. Difficulty adjustment could take a few weeks, if not months. Until then it will be very difficult to transfer funds. [It may be better to keep BTC on an exchange before fork, to ease liquidity cost/time if you want to sell either of the coins immediately]  
 
Double-spending: Miners (from 2X) will have an ability and incentive to double-spend on the minority chain (lower mining power chain). If you have huge mining power, you can allocate some of it to just double-spend on the minority chain. Some people will possibly lose confidence in the minority chain as a result.  
 
Replay-Protection: Neither 1X nor 2X currently have replay protection.  
 
Exchanges:
  1. Bitfinex: original chain is “BTC”, SegWit2x chain is “B2X”  
  2. BitMEX: Original chain is BTC  
  3. Bitstamp: Unknown  
  4. GDAX & Coinbase: hash power and market cap decides which chain is “BTC”  
  5. Kraken: Unknown  
  6. HitBTC: original chain is “BTC”, SegWit2x chain is “B2X”  
  7. CoinsBank: Original chain is BTC  
  8. CEX.IO: original chain is “BTC”, SegWit2x chain is “B2X”  
  9. Gemini: hash power decides which chain is “BTC”  
  10. Coinfloor: Unknown  
  11. BTCC (Updated on Twitter): BTCC will consider which of 1MB and 2MB to name as #bitcoin based on market feedback and adoption.  
Further details in reference 4.  
 
The OPINIONs section
Vinny Lingham's opinion: 2X will outcompete 1X.  
 
Enter Bitcoin Cash: A review by Ryan X. Charles who has incorporated some of Vinny Lingham's quotes, states the following:  
 
a. BCH is a fork of BTC with same PoW, but with improved Difficulty Adjustment Algorithm (DAA). BCH cannot die, but 1X and 2X could both die. If whales shift most of their holdings to BCH (or another coin), that would incentivise the miners to mine BCH (or another coin) instead of 1X and 2X. Both 1X and 2X would lose their mining power; however Core would release an emergency update to software adding DAA like BCH (or another coin). Thus, 1X would survive, and 2X (which might not get DAA) would die.  
 
b. If 2X continues to be the dominantly mined chain, 1X will be forced to launch an emergency update to their PoW with DAA. There could be fighting between the two chains, and as a result a struggle to become dominant potentially causing altcoins to flourish.  
 
My observations
BCH is upgrading their EDA (Emergency Difficulty Adjuster) on Nov 13. See website. This will lead to reduced volatility in BCH - likely making it more attractive to more long-term miners.  
 
Mining profitability: It is currently almost equally profitable to mine either BTC or BCH.  
 
• What to keep and eye on before the fork to judge yourself where the fate of BTC is heading.  
  1. Mining signalling distribution
  2. DAA: 1X or 2X software updates to implement Difficulty Adjustment Algorithms
  3. Futures price before fork
  4. Significant whale movement
 
References:  
  1. New York Agreement  
  2. Hashing Distribution  
  3. Ryan X. Charles's opinions  
  4. Exchange listings for both chains  
  5. Interview with Vinny Lingham  
  6. 2X Split Countdown
 
Update: Thank you for your appreciation on this article. I decided to publish it on Medium.  
You can find the article on this link.
submitted by tenmillionsterling to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

Who is the richest Bitcoin owner?

Technically, Bitcoin was worth less than 10 cents per bitcoin upon its inception in 2009. The cryptocurrency has risen steadily since then and is now worth around $6000 per Bitcoin. This is the most remarkable appreciation of the value and has created many millionaires over the last eight years.
Here are the top ten people/institutions that held a large amount of Bitcoins over time:
1. Satoshi Nakamoto
The creator of Bitcoin, who hides behind the moniker Satoshi Nakamoto, remains the major holder of bitcoins. The number of bitcoins that Nakamoto owns today is estimated at around 1.1 million, based on the early mining that he did. This is the equivalent of about $6 billion at today’s exchange rate of 1BTC to 6,098 USD. At least Nakamoto has never touched most of his bitcoins, and neither converted them into real-world currencies nor used them for any other purpose. If he were to sell his entire stash, the value of Bitcoin could plummet in an instant.
2. Bulgaria
Bulgaria is currently sitting on one of the biggest stashes of Bitcoin in the world. How did the European nation come into the possession of this enormous sum of money? A crackdown on organized crime by the Bulgarian law enforcement in May 2017 resulted in the seizure of a stash of 213,519 Bitcoins, enough to pay off a quarter of the country’s national debt.
According to Bulgarian authorities, the criminals used their technical prowess to circumvent taxes. As of June 2018, the virtual coins would be worth more than $1.2 billion. The Bulgarian government has declined to comment on the status of the coins.
3. BitFinex
BitFinex, a crypto exchange, has one of the largest bitcoin wallets with 163,133.38 BTC that are worth approximately $1 billion at the current price of $6,098.24 per bitcoin. The coins are believed to be kept in a cold wallet to protect them from cyber hacks, unauthorized access and other vulnerabilities that a system connected to the internet is prone to.
4. The FBI
The FBI is one of the largest renowned holders of Bitcoin. In September 2013, they brought down Silk Road, the infamous dark web drug bazaar, and seized 144,000 Bitcoin owned by the site’s operator Ross Ulbricht, better known as, “Dread Pirate Roberts”. Ulbricht made critical blunders that allowed investigators to locate the site and link him to it. Users of Silk Road are said to have traded around 9.5 million bitcoins since Ulbricht launched the site in 2011. Even thought the FBI sold a large amount of their Bitcoin holdings or even all, the FBI worth mentioned as they had a fortune in Bitcoin at some point. A large portion of the Bitcoins seized and sold went to Barry Silbert.
5. The Winklevoss Twins
Tyler Winklevoss and Cameron Winklevoss were among the first Bitcoin billionaires. The duo had first gained popularity when they sued the Facebook C.E.O. Mark Zuckerberg for allegedly stealing the idea of creating Facebook from them. They were contacted by Zuckerberg to develop the ConnectU site, which was to become Facebook later on.
They used $11 million of the $65 million cash compensation they received from the legal dispute with Zuckerberg to purchase 1.5 million Bitcoins in 2013. Back then, one Bitcoin traded at $120. That investment has increased more than 20000% since then.
The twins allegedly own around 1 percent of all Bitcoin in circulation. Their combined net worth is approximately 400 million. They created the Windex, funded several bitcoin-related ventures and invested $1.5 million in BitInstant.
6. Garvin Andresen
Although bitcoin is the brainchild of Satoshi Nakamoto, Garvin Andresen is credited as the person who made it what it is today. Garvin is one of the people who has been suspected to be Satoshi, a claim he denies. Rather, he says that he had a close relationship with the anonymous cryptographer for many years. The real Satoshi Nakamoto picked him as his successor in late 2010. Garvin became the chief developer of the open source code that determines how Bitcoin operates – and whether it can survive. He was once paid over $200,000 in Bitcoin by the Bitcoin Foundation for his contributions. He had already cashed out multiple times.
7. Roger Ver
Roger Ver, otherwise known as Bitcoin Jesus, is one of the first Bitcoin billionaires and believed to hold or held at least 100,000 bitcoins. The renowned libertarian allegedly dropped out of college to focus on his bitcoin-related projects. Unlike other crypto billionaires out there who are throwing their cash in the typical private Islands or luxury jets, Ver’s dream is to establish his own libertarian nation where every individual is the absolute owner of their own life and are free to do whatever they wish with their person or property. The controversial bitcoin evangelist renounced his U.S. citizenship in 2014 and relocated permanently to a small Caribbean Island.
8. Barry Silbert
Silbert is a venture capitalist and founder of Digital Currency Group. He was an early adopter of Bitcoin. He purportedly walked away with an eye-watering 48,000 Bitcoins in an auction held by the U.S. Marshals Service in 2014. The US government had confiscated much of the crypto coins from Ross Ulbricht, the alleged operator of the dark web marketplace for drugs and other illegal products. Bitcoin was then worth $350, which means Silbert’s coins have skyrocketed in value from $16.8 million to $288 million.
9. Charlie Shrem
Charlie Shrem is no doubt one of the most controversial Bitcoin millionaires. He invested in a large quantity of Bitcoin in the early days of the cryptocurrency. Shrem was also an active member of the Bitcoin Foundation and founded BitInstant when he was just 22 years old. By the end of December 2014, Shrem had been found guilty of money laundering and received a two-year prison sentence. After his release from federal custody, he unveiled a startup called Intellisys Capital, a company that sells investment portfolios in blockchain companies.
10. Tony Gallippi
A famous business magnate Tony Gallippi is also believed to be one of the big holders of bitcoins. He is the brain behind BitPay, one of the most popular Bitcoin payment service providers in the world. The company was launched in May 2011 and processes over one million dollars per day. Bitpay is also one of the companies to sign contracts with major companies including Microsoft, Dell, TigerDirect, and Newegg. By 2014, the company had employed approximately 100 people.
Conclusion
It is estimated that the top 1000 bitcoin addresses own approximately 35% of the total bitcoin in circulation. There are also thousands of individuals who hold large stashes of bitcoin but have chosen to remain anonymous.
submitted by alifkhalil469 to BtcNewz [link] [comments]

Welcome to the Official Energi Cryptocurrency Reddit!

Welcome to the Official Energi Cryptocurrency Reddit!

https://preview.redd.it/wgriag3ha9w21.png?width=200&format=png&auto=webp&s=a81a3e58f1413ee833fe2ecac63b3347afd52413

Hello and welcome to the Official Energi Cryptocurrency Reddit!

Below you will find a Table of Contents that will go over what Energi is and the fundamentals of the cryptocurrency.

Table of Contents

  1. What is Energi?
  2. What are the Fundamentals of Energi?
    1. Scalability
    2. Funding
    3. Governance
    4. Inflation
    5. Distribution
    6. Decentralization
    7. Long Term Vision
  3. Coin Specs
  4. How to Get Started
    1. Official Energi Website
    2. Energi Earndrop Campaign
    3. Social Media
    4. Exchanges
    5. Energi Block Explorers
    6. Wallet Downloads
    7. Proof-of-Stake Setup Guides
    8. Masternode Setup Guide
  5. FAQ

1. What is Energi

Energi is a self-funding (non-ICO and No Premine) cryptocurrency that has a purpose to become the world’s leading cryptocurrency with the unification of Smart Contracts, Governance & Self-funding Treasury to ensure longevity and enable rapid growth.
Energi provides a small allocation to Proof-of-Stake (PoS) rewards and takes a bulk of the coin issuance and give it to its treasury and active masternodes. Energi also allocates 10% on-going reward to the leadership of the Energi Backbone, which is significantly less compared to today’s ICOs’ rewarding their founders between 20–50% of the tokens distributed. Another trait that sets Energi apart from ICOs is they give an on-going 10% allocation through each block reward, rather than rewarding the founders up-front.

2. What are the Fundamentals of Energi?

  • Scalability
One minute block times and a 2 megabyte block size limit provide Energi with a vast transaction capacity for regular on-chain transactions. This allows for plenty of space on the blockchain for extremely fast transactions with very low fees.
Energi features a powerful on-chain scaling solution with a system of incentivized full nodes called Energi Masternodes. A masternode is a full node backed by 10,000 NRG collateral that provides level 2 scalability to the Energi Cryptocurrency. The Instant Send feature allows for instant transactions, even in times of network congestion. Transactions can be made securely and instantly ahead of the blockchain, as they are approved by a quorum of masternodes. Instant Send payments enjoy the same immutable transaction history as regular transactions, as they are later resolved on-chain as the network is able to.
40% of the inflation of Energi is allocated to masternodes, providing an extremely strong incentive to grow the number of full nodes and scalability of the network.
  • Funding
A key feature of Energi is its powerful treasury system. Energi makes up to 40% of the inflation available to the treasury, to be utilized in a manner that provides maximum benefit.
Treasury allocation is decentralized, allowing for submitted proposals from anyone, to be voted on by masternodes and paid out from the inflation.
Energi has a 14 day treasury cycle, allowing quick payments for proposal authors and contributors, as well as strategic responsiveness to effective proposals. Energi is guided by the principle that every dollar spent from its funding model, should yield more than dollar of value in return. Thanks to a 14 day treasury cycle, the Energi team is able to measure results and respond quickly to changes in strategy.
  • Governance
The Energi Treasury is a decentralized governance model designed with Masternodes as caretakers and stakeholders in Energi, with voting rights on how to best utilize treasury funding.
This governance model reduces risk in the form of allowing participation from everyone who holds 10,000 NRG. In this way, the Energi community can work together on how to best build the strategic direction of Energi.
  • Inflation
Energi Cryptocurrency has a simple rate of inflation at 1 million coins per month with no maximum cap. This ensures consistency in funding allocation, masternode rewards, and PoS rewards, making the economics of the cryptocurrency more understandable for everyone who chooses to participate in Energi.
No coin supply limit ensures that Energi is prepared for the long term, avoiding “bubble” economics caused by dramatic early inflation that in most coins only serves to benefit founders ahead of increased adoption.
  • Distribution
Energi conducted a fair launch on April 14, 2018 with NO ICO and NO PREMINE. Prior to launch, the Energi team gave a specific time and date for the launch of its main net, which its vibrant community eagerly awaited, so that mining could begin fairly, again avoiding centralization among the coin founders (It's important to note that Energi has transitioned to Proof-of-Work consensus to a Proof-of-Stake consensus).
Energi masternode payments were designed to begin at block 216000, which occurred on September 18, 2018, almost 160 days after launch. This ensured time to list Energi on exchanges, and to grow the community, encouraging fair and equitable distribution before the extremely powerful masternode rewards began. It is all too common for masternode coins to feature a premine, which has the effect of centralizing distribution among the founders and early adopters.
Energi has an ongoing Earndrop; a distribution of 4 million coins to users who contribute with social media activities about Energi, such as tweets, follows, and subscriptions on all major social media platforms. So far nearly 1 million coins have been distributed, helping to grow an enthusiastic community and serve to bring coins to the market in a way that is inspired by generosity.
  • Decentralization
Delayed masternode payments have allowed the market time to react to the future of Energi, helping to ensure a decentralized community of masternode holders.
Decentralized governance with masternodes help to ensure everyone is able to participate in Energi and help guide the project to achieve the best results.
  • Long Term Vision
All of the above features seamlessly work together in concert, to ensure that Energi is prepared for the long term. Rather than try to closely find a niche in the market, Energi is prepared to adapt and overcome all challenges for many years to come. Energi’s use case is that of a traditional cryptocurrency, such as Bitcoin. However, Energi’s strategy is to excel by avoiding the pitfalls of previous projects, while further utilizing and improving upon the most powerful ideas in the cryptocurrency space.

3. Coin Specs

Ticker: NRG
Block time: 1 minute.
Hashing Algorithm: Dagger-Hashimoto (similar to Ethereum).
Masternode requirements: 10,000 Energi.
Treasury cycle: Every 14 days.
Approximately 1 million Energi will be released per month. The allocations can be observed easily as “10/10/40/40.”
10% will go to the Energi Backbone.
10% to the PoS participants
40% to Masternodes.
40% to the Treasury.
Thus, for every block, allocations are: 2.28 Energi to the Backbone, 2.28 Energi to the PoS participants, 9.14 Energi to the Treasury, and 9.14 Energi to Masternodes.
Since Treasury allocations are paid in two-week cycles, they are made in lump sums of approximately 184,000 Energi every 14 days.
In order to allow for widespread distribution of Energi before Masternode payments begin, Masternode rewards will be delayed until day 150, this is to allow the airdrop campaign to be completed and ensure a large amount of Energi is spread out through the community. Until this point, Masternode rewards will be re-directed to the Treasury. Thus for the first 5 months, the Treasury will have approximately 368,000 Energi every two weeks (about 800k Energi per month). The airdrop campaign is designed to release ~4 million Energi to the community.

4. How to Get Started

  • Energi Official Website
https://www.energi.world/

  • Energi Earndrop Campaign
Energi chose not to premine and not to do an ICO. Instead, we will conduct multiple rounds of Earndrops to disperse rewards for people who engage with our community. In order for us to process your Earndrop info for you in a fast and efficient manner, we ask that you upload quality information. This includes clear non-mirrored pictures, readable text in images, and non-offensive usernames. Failure to upload quality information may lead to you not receiving any Earndrop rewards.
https://earndrop.energi.world/homepage

  • Social Media
Twitter: https://twitter.com/Energicrypto
Discord: https://discordapp.com/invite/sCtgNC3
Telegram: https://t.me/energicrypto
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/energicryptocurrency/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Energi-Cryptocurrency-195355164580336/
Medium: https://medium.com/energi
Steemit: https://steemit.com/@energi

  • Exchanges
KuCoin: https://www.kucoin.com/trade/NRG-BTC
KuCoin: https://www.kucoin.com/trade/NRG-ETH
CoinAll: https://www.coinall.com/spot/full#product=nrg_usdt
DigiFinex: https://www.digifinex.com/trade/BTC/NRG
Bitladon: https://www.bitladon.com/energi
BitBNs: https://bitbns.com/trade/#/nrg
Beaxy: https://www.beaxy.com/trading-paiNRG-BTC
Mercatox: https://mercatox.com/exchange/NRG/BTC
Mercatox: https://mercatox.com/exchange/NRG/BTC
Citex: https://trade.citex.co.ktrade/NRG_BTC
Citex: https://trade.citex.co.ktrade/NRG_USDT

  • Energi Block Explorers
https://explore.energi.network/
https://explorer2.energi.network/#/

  • Wallet Downloads
https://www.energi.world/downloads

  • Proof-of-Stake Setup Guides
Local Staking: https://www.energi.world/staking/
Staking on VPS: https://www.energi.world/staking-on-vps/

  • Masternode Setup Guide
https://www.energi.world/masternode-setup/

5. FAQ

https://www.energi.world/faq/
submitted by energi-rici to energicryptocurrency [link] [comments]

November Fork - The Facts

Update: Thank you for your appreciation on this article. I decided to publish it on Medium.  
You can find the article on this link.
 
Existing Article:
With less than a dozen days left before the SegWit2X fork, I thought I'd start gathering some facts before I start forming personal opinions and speculative conclusions. I refer to the SegWit1X chain as 1X and the SegWit2X chain as 2X for simplicity, and I have looked for very simple facts and safe assumptions. Here are the dots that I gathered:  
 
• Fork at Block 494,784. Approximate date = 16th of November.  
 
The New York Agreement: The NYA involved parties representing about 83% of the then hashing power who all agreed to both hardforks - one for SegWit and another for an increased block size of 2MB (2X) within 6 months of the former. Further details in reference 1.  
 
• It is safe to assume that miners will only mine the most profitable chain (possibly several chains in differing proportions).  
• If whales pump a single chain it will gain more value. If this happens, miners will be more inclined to mine that particular chain only. This will result in the other chain(s)potentially losing overall mining attractiveness.  
 
1X will continue to have a 1MB block and SegWit;  
2X will have a 2MB block and SegWit;  
Bitcoin Cash (Just for info right now) currently has an 8 MB block with NO SegWit;  
 
Current Price Status (Futures) on BitFinex: 2X/BTC = 0.17; 1X/BTC = 0.83  
 
Current Mining Status: 2X = Around 85% of blocks are signalling for 2X.  
It seems only a few mining pools including Slush Pool, F2Pool and Kano CKPool are not signalling Segwit2X. All Antpool (Jihan Wu) owned pools are signalling for Segwit2X and will likely continue to do so up to the fork. It is not clear if any other pools from the Segwit2X signalling group will change their minds in the meantime.  
 
Lower mining power chain: Likely to be 1X. Fees likely to be extremely high as not many miners. Difficulty adjustment could take a few weeks, if not months. Until then it will be very difficult to transfer funds. [It may be better to keep BTC on an exchange before fork, to ease liquidity cost/time if you want to sell either of the coins immediately]  
 
Double-spending: Miners (from 2X) will have an ability and incentive to double-spend on the minority chain (lower mining power chain). If you have huge mining power, you can allocate some of it to just double-spend on the minority chain. Some people will possibly lose confidence in the minority chain as a result.  
 
Replay-Protection: Neither 1X nor 2X currently have replay protection.  
 
Exchanges:
  1. Bitfinex: original chain is “BTC”, SegWit2x chain is “B2X”  
  2. BitMEX: Original chain is BTC  
  3. Bitstamp: Unknown  
  4. GDAX & Coinbase: hash power and market cap decides which chain is “BTC”  
  5. Kraken: Unknown  
  6. HitBTC: original chain is “BTC”, SegWit2x chain is “B2X”  
  7. CoinsBank: Original chain is BTC  
  8. CEX.IO: original chain is “BTC”, SegWit2x chain is “B2X”  
  9. Gemini: hash power decides which chain is “BTC”  
  10. Coinfloor: Unknown  
  11. BTCC (Updated on Twitter): BTCC will consider which of 1MB and 2MB to name as #bitcoin based on market feedback and adoption.  
Further details in reference 4.  
 
The opinion section
Vinny Lingham's opinion: 2X will outcompete 1X.  
 
Enter Bitcoin Cash: A review by Ryan X. Charles who has incorporated some of Vinny Lingham's quotes, states the following:  
 
a. BCH is a fork of BTC with same PoW, but with improved Difficulty Adjustment Algorithm (DAA). BCH cannot die, but 1X and 2X could both die. If whales shift most of their holdings to BCH (or another coin), that would incentivise the miners to mine BCH (or another coin) instead of 1X and 2X. Both 1X and 2X would lose their mining power; however Core would release an emergency update to software adding DAA like BCH (or another coin). Thus, 1X would survive, and 2X (which might not get DAA) would die.  
 
b. If 2X continues to be the dominantly mined chain, 1X will be forced to launch an emergency update to their PoW with DAA. There could be fighting between the two chains, and as a result a struggle to become dominant potentially causing altcoins to flourish.  
 
My observations
BCH is upgrading their EDA (Emergency Difficulty Adjuster) on Nov 13. See website. This will lead to reduced volatility in BCH - likely making it more attractive to more long-term miners.  
 
Mining profitability: It is currently almost equally profitable to mine either BTC or BCH.  
 
• What to keep and eye on before the fork to judge yourself where the fate of BTC is heading.  
  1. Mining signalling distribution
  2. DAA: 1X or 2X software updates to implement Difficulty Adjustment Algorithms
  3. Futures price before fork
  4. Significant whale movement
 
References:  
  1. New York Agreement  
  2. Hashing Distribution  
  3. Ryan X. Charles's opinions  
  4. Exchange listings for both chains  
  5. Interview with Vinny Lingham  
 
Update:
I recommend this article by a friend of mine who has been exploring various outcomes and their likelihood.  
Stay tuned for more content in the coming days.
submitted by tenmillionsterling to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

DigiFinex lists PROT with 30,000 PROT airdrop!

DigiFinex lists PROT with 30,000 PROT airdrop!

https://preview.redd.it/m2dpmbbplyd31.jpg?width=1080&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=aa6df217cbf103edc587fffba6603103809f0692
DigiFinex is going to list PROT.
PROT deposit opens: 31st Jul 2019, 10:00 (GMT+8)
PROT withdrawal and trade opens: 5 Aug, 2019 10:00 (GMT+8)
PROT trading pair: PROT/USDT, PROT/ETH
PROT official website: https://prot.online/
“The PROT Masternode Platform, which is scheduled to be developed in Q4 2020, is based an all-in-one node where mobile devices act as core Daemon and are based on a finely divided clustering technology based on multiple nodes and no extra nodes, mining or Daemons. This is a project that dramatically improves utilization and accessibility of blockchain.
The completed platform will allow Android wallet application users to instantly become individual nodes, thus securing the largest number of nodes, and will incorporate with other blockchain projects into the ROOT ecosystem to create vast uses. “

To celebrate this listing, we will airdrop 30,000 PROT!

Want to know how to get them? Here are the details:
Event period: 5 Aug 2019, 10:00 – 15 Aug 2019, 10:00(GMT+8)

1. PROT Net Purchase Reward

During the event, the top 50 traders whose Net Purchase PROT is ≥500 will receive the following rewards.
Rewards will be given out within 5 business days after this event ends.

Net Purchase Amount = Purchased – Sold – Withdrawn

2. Deposit DFT And Earn Interest

There are 8,400 PROT in this candy box, first come first served.
Calculation for this candy reward: Lock-up DFT Amount x No. of lock-up days x 0.21%
Total reward to be shared: 8,400 PROT.
Minimum lock-up amount: 1,00 DFT.
Lock-up period: between 7 to 15 days.
Each person can receive up to 100 PROT.
For example, if you lock-up 1,000 DFT in the candy box for 10 days, you will receive 21 PROT.

3. Friend Invitation Reward

Enjoy 10% two-tiered commission + 0.02ETH + 300 CNY coupon incentive when you invite your friends.
10% two-tiered commission + 0.02ETH + 300 CNY coupon incentive :
Download and login to DigiFinex app ➞ My ➞ friends’ invitation to view details of your reward
300 CNY coupon reward collection:
Download and login to DigiFinex app ➞ My ➞ Get coupon ➞ Enter coupon code

Thank you for your support!
To buy cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin (BTC) or Ethereum (ETH) directly with your VISA or MasterCard, please visit DigiFinex. We have a simple tutorial here to show you how it’s done!
https://preview.redd.it/zzf3zrbylyd31.png?width=1140&format=png&auto=webp&s=1e9a82257ca1dc31262db05c7b3eaff591558434
submitted by DigiFinex to DigiFinex [link] [comments]

DigiFinex Launches SuperSTAR Plan, DFT Price Surged 32% Against The Market

DigiFinex Launches SuperSTAR Plan, DFT Price Surged 32% Against The Market

https://preview.redd.it/tzcor5lgdoc31.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=c271bb4a8e5ee130579de29c0c7e0ef7908dbe94
In order to build a better DigiFinex ecosystem and reward our supportive users, we have officially launched DigiFinex SuperSTAR Plan and it’s now open to all users. By taking part in this plan, not only you will become a force to be reckoned with in the crypto space, but also receive more earnings!
In phase one, we will open 50 slots for you to become a SuperSTAR, a leader that engages our communities from different parts of the world! And you will enjoy 10 exclusive benefits:
  1. Right to refer new project listings, including BTC, ETH, USDT and DFT markets.
  2. Higher power on voting for new project listings.
  3. Priority to get token airdrop.
  4. Receive a commission when you successfully refer a new project to get listed on DigiFinex.
  5. Occasionally receive a percentage of DigiFinex trading fee airdrop.
  6. Enjoy higher commission rebate from referring Tier 1 & 2 users.
  7. Enjoy lower trading fees.
  8. Enjoy sharing other revenue such as from DigiFinex STAR Plan, wealth management, cloud mining, etc.
  9. Enjoy rewards when new STAR members sign up.
  10. Receive trading fee rebate from your group of STAR members.

Different STAR benefits are as follows:

https://preview.redd.it/vsxrdaoldoc31.png?width=1155&format=png&auto=webp&s=502b66ae309d6c3b93acd8d6389a22ae538c241c
Please refer to our website for more details: https://www.digifinex.com/ew-cn/superstar

Outperforming Bitcoin, DFT surged 32.03% against the market!

Since we released the official announcement of the DigiFinex SuperSTAR Plan, the responses from our users are overwhelming, DigiFinex Token (DFT) started a strong uptrend, it is now 0.4946USDT at press time, which is up 32.03%.

About DFT

DFT, or DigiFinex Token, is the native exchange cryptocurrency created by DigiFinex. It powers the DigiFinex ecosystem and can be used in many ways.
DFT‘s current token supply is 2.1 Billion, after several token burns, DFT’s circulating supply is at 137,996,104.
To learn more about DFT: https://digifinex.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/360016406334-What-is-DFT
submitted by DigiFinex to DigiFinex [link] [comments]

Raspberry Pi 4 Bitcoin Mining For 24 Hours! - YouTube Best Bitcoin Mining Software That Work in 2020 🍓 - YouTube moni finex mining ดูนี้ก่อนลงทุน Inside a Bitcoin mine that earns $70K a day - YouTube Cardano Shelley Begins, Unlimited Easing, Binance Mining, BitFinex Pulse & Be Careful

Crypto Finex Hub is building a chain of financial independent investors in the leading crypto currency market stocks. Join our team of Ethereum Pioniers . 15749 + Bitcoin. 9052 + Ethereum. White Paper Find an Exchange The largest-ever drop took place in Nov 2011 when bitcoin’s mining difficulty declined by about 18%. Before Mar 25, the most recent significant downward adjustment of bitcoin mining difficulty took place on Feb 25, 2020, when bitcoin price was $9,989.39. It then dropped to $8,785.52 three days later and plunged further to $4830.21 on Mar 14. Bitcoin Exchange Guide is a hyperactive hybrid of heavy-handed cryptocurrency content curation creators from christened community contributors who focus on delivering today's bitcoin news, cryptoasset user guides and latest blockchain updates. 1. Bitfinex Overview. Bitfinex was founded in the British Virgin Islands in 2012 by iFinex inc and it is headquartered in Hong Kong. The company initially started out as a P2P margin lending platform for Bitcoin only. Some of the founders and management of iFinex inc. are also related to Tether, the US pegged Stablecoin. Bitcoin is a technology and algorithm based digital currency. The demand for Bitcoin drives its prices as it is a universally accepted decentralised mode of payment. International traders can save a lot in terms of avoiding currency conversion costs and delays in payments. Bitcoin was priced at $0.06 in 2009...

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Raspberry Pi 4 Bitcoin Mining For 24 Hours! - YouTube

The CoinCasso Trading platform is one of the fast growing exchanges Sign up today and get a $35 sign up bonus and no transaction fee when depositing https://... MONIFINEX mining SCAM ALERT PART 2 ! Online Marketing Ustad. ... TRADENANCE 500% COPYCAT SCAM MONI FINEX BETTER - Duration: 13:47. Bitcoin Baller 603 views. 13:47. Đây là nhà máy khai thác tiền mã hoá của Giant Finex tại Tứ Xương, Tứ Xuyên, Trung Quốc. - Hơn 70% lượng coin trên toàn Thế Giới được khai thác tại Trung ... Buy Raspberry Pi 4 Model B 4GB: https://amzn.to/2tlBfGW How to Setup a Raspberry Pi 4 Bitcoin Mining Rig w/ Bitmain AntMiner U3: https://youtu.be/dPWTSytzN7g... 'Bitcoin & Crypto Mining Explained' with New Mine CEO Ibrahim Alkurd. This video is part of a series titled 'Institutional Digital-Assets Education' in which...

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